Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (03): 404-419.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2019.0057

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Skull measurement traits of the Bronze Age crowd from Xiabandi Cemetery

WEI Dong1, WANG Yongdi1, WU Yong2   

  1. 1. School of archeology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012
    2. Xinjiang Institute of cultural Relics and Archeology, Urumqi 830011
  • Received:2019-04-08 Revised:2019-05-14 Online:2020-08-15 Published:2020-08-31


The Bronze Age crowd in the Xiabandi cemetery is the representative of the early population in the Pamirs. The analysis of the source and flow of the population provides new evidence for clarifying the flow changes of the Eurasia Bronze Age population. At the archaeological cultural level, the culture of this group is a local variant of the Andronovo culture. Through comparison with representatives of other parts of the Eurasia Bronze Age, the ancestors of this group may come from the grasslands of southern Eastern Europe. The Cata combs Culture and the Timber-chambered Tomb Culture group are the closest to the Bronze age crowd in the Xiabandi cemetery in measurement traits. From the perspective of comparative morphology, it is suggested that there is a relationship between the three. The ancestors of the Bronze Age people in Xiabandi cemetery may be part of the Cata combs Culture, and they are also related to the group of Timber-chambered Tomb Culture group. During the prosperous period of Andronovo culture, the crowd moved southwest from the grassland of Eastern Europe and traveled to the Pamirs through the Fergana Valley. During the migration process, they accepted the influence of Andronovo culture, at the same time maintained the ancestral population’s Economic model based on animal husbandry and became a local variant of Andronovo culture.

Key words: measurement traits, Xiabandi Cemetery, Andronovo Culture, Bronze Age, Pamirs

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