Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (03): 491-500.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0048

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Paleolithic archaeological investigation in Nanhua mountain area of Haiyuan, Ningxia

LI Yulong1(), YANG Jian1, HUO Yao1, MA Jiandong2   

  1. 1. Ningxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, YinChuan 750001
    2. Haiyuan County Cultural Relics Management Office, HaiYuan 751800
  • Received:2020-11-25 Revised:2021-03-11 Online:2022-06-15 Published:2022-06-16


From April to June 2020, the Ningxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology cooperated with the Haiyuan County Cultural Management Office to conduct a special archaeological survey of the prehistoric remains around the Nanhua mountain. A total of 14 Paleolithic sites with clear strata were found in this survey, which can be roughly divided into two different accumulative phases, the Malan loess about 18 kaBP and the floodplain deposits about 24~18 kaBP. Among them, ash heaps were found on the sections of the YouFangyuan 1st and LiuWan sites. The dating data show that the YouFangyuan 1st is about 22 kaBP cal, and the LiuWan sites is about 11 kaBP cal. The discovery of the Paleolithics in the survey provides new data for the study of the late Paleolithic culture in Northwest China, and provides new clues for further discussion of the environment, culture, and communication of human groups in the late Paleolithic in northern China during the LGM stage.

Key words: HaiYuan county, Ningxia, NanHua mountain, Upper Paleolithic, LGM

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