Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (06): 1041-1054.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0058

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The murid rodents associated with Gigantopithecus from Yanliang Cave of Fusui, Guangxi, with discussion on stratigraphic sequence of the Pleistocene Murinae faunas from southern China

WANG Yuan1,2,3(), WANG Yisa1,4, WANG Yidi5, QIN Chao1, QIN Dagong6, JIN Changzhu1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044
    2. CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Paleobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    5. College of Paleontology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, 110034
    6. School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2020-12-01 Revised:2021-04-22 Online:2021-12-15 Published:2021-12-17


The new murid rodents associated with Gigantopithecus blacki from Yanliang Cave of Fusui, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of southern China are described in this paper, and include Mus cf. M. Pahari, Micromys minutus, Apodemus asianicus, Hapalomys gracilis, Chiropodomys primitivus, Niviventer preconfucianus, Niviventer andersoni, Leopoldamys edwardsioides and Rattus cf. R. pristinus. There are 8 genera and 9 species identified, of which 6 species (67%) are extinct. The combination of murid species from Yanliang Cave is more primitive than those from Longgudong Cave of Jianshi in Hubei, Sanhe Cave and Juyuan Cave of Boyue mountain in Guangxi, but slightly more advanced than that from Longgupo site of Wushan in Chongqing. The geological age of Yanliang Fauna is estimated to be the early Early Pleistocene (~2.0 Ma BP). In addition, the initial stratigraphic sequence (in chronological order) of the Pleistocene Murinae faunas from Zuojiang River watershed, South China is also proposed: Yanliang Fauna (~2.0 Ma BP) — Boyue Fauna (~1.8 Ma BP) — Sanhe Fauna (1.6-1.2 Ma BP) — Zhiren Fauna (~110 ka BP). The study on murid remains from Yanliang Cave, Guangxi greatly enriches the micro-mammalian record of the early Pleistocene Gigantopithecus-Sinomastodon fauna of southern China, and provides important evidence to understand the division of Quaternary biostratigraphy in southern China.

Key words: Zuojiang River watershed of Guangxi, Early Pleistocene, Yangliang Cave of Fusui, Murinae faunas, Stratigraphic sequence

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