Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (01): 109-117.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2019.0014

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characteristics and comparison of body composition of the Monba, Lhoba and Sherpa peoples

XIANG Xiaoxue(), DU Huimin, YU Keli(), ZHENG Lianbin   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387
  • Received:2018-10-25 Revised:2019-01-31 Online:2021-02-15 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: YU Keli;


In 2016, we used bioelectrical impedance methods to measure the 19 body composition indicators in 276 Monba (98 males; 178 females), 93 Lhoba (34 males; 59 females) and 181 Sherpa (97 males; 84 females). Excel 2003 and SPSS 19 were used to analysis the data. Results show that the average body fat percentages of Monba and Lhoba females are in the obese range, with the Monba having a visceral fat rating of 10.26, which may cause a higher incidence of related diseases. Monba and Lhoba males have significant coherence in physical components, and are similar to Tibetan and Muyag males. The muscle mass of these three ethnic groups (Monba, Lhoba and Sherpa) is similar. Male Sherpa muscle mass is less than found in the Monba and Lhoba, but the Sherpa is lighter, and the muscle rate is much higher than in the Monba and Lhoba. At present, this research on body composition indicators of the Monba, Lhoba and Sherpa is still in its infancy, but this analysis certainly has enriched the physical data of Tibetan populations leading to significantly improving the nutritional health and physical quality of these people.

Key words: Tibet, Biological anthropology, Ethnicity, Body composition

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