Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (02): 239-248.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2020.0017

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Paleodemographic research on Liangzhu culture cemetery of the Jiangzhuang site in Xinghua, Jiangsu

HOU Kan1(), LIN Liugen2, GAN Huiyuan2, YAN Long2, ZHU Xiaoting2()   

  1. 1. School of History and Culture, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006
    2. Nanjing Museum, Nanjing 210016
  • Received:2019-05-23 Revised:2019-09-05 Online:2021-04-15 Published:2021-04-13
  • Contact: ZHU Xiaoting;


Researches on paleodemography contains the researches on stationery parameters and dynamic parameters. The analysis of sex and age structure and the estimate of fertility level of Liangzhu culture cemetery in Jiangzhuang site in Xinghua, Jiangsu were conducted, and the latter was implemented by the method of using n30+/n5+ to estimate crude birth rate(CBR). It was revealed that the sex ratio of Jiangzhuang was 105 which fell well within the normal range. The age-at-death distribution of Jiangzhuang approximated normal distribution by model fitting, which might be associated with the under-enumeration of infants, the problems in adult age estimation and the establishment of the criteria of judging “old age”. By estimating and contrasting the CBRs of Jiangzhuang and other Neolithic human skeleton samples, it was revealed that the fertility level of Jiangzhuang is relatively high, which might be associated with the favorable living environment and the development of civilization. Otherwise, the research also indicated that the experiments of new methods and paying attention to the issue of the representativeness of human skeleton sample were vital for advancing paleodemography.

Key words: Paleodemography, Jiangzhuang site, Liangzhu culture

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