Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (01): 121-134.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2020.0077

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A preliminary report of the 2018 excavation at the Loufangzi site in Huan county, Gansu province

MU Zhanxiong1,2(), CHEN Guoke3, DU Shuisheng1,4(), WANG Hui3,5   

  1. 1. Institute of History, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2. Institute of History and Culture, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070
    3. Gansu Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Lanzhou 730000
    4. State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy(Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS), Nanjing 210008
    5. Institute of Scientific of Archaeology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2020-04-24 Online:2022-02-15 Published:2020-12-08
  • Contact: DU Shuisheng;


The Loufangzi site, located in the eastern Gansu province, is an open-air site dated at the middle paleolithic. In 2018, excavations were carried out on the lower part of the cultural layer (Layer 14 and 15) of the Loufangzi site, and plenty of artifacts and animal bones were discovered in 16 m2. Lithic raw materials were made of gravel from river nearby, which were mainly quartz sandstone and siliceous limestone. The lithic assemblage includes cores, flakes, tools, chunks etc. The principle flaking technique was direct hard-hammer percussion. Most of tools were retouched by hard-hammer. The typological and technological characteristics of artifacts from the lower cultural layer of the Loufangzi site belonged to the small tool technology. Combined with the stratum accumulation and related pollen analysis, we preliminarily think that the age of lower cultural layer of the Loufangzi site is equivalent to MIS5.

Key words: Gansu, Loufangzi, Middle Paleolithic, Small stone artifacts, Steep working

CLC Number: