Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 1996, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (01): 50-57.

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Comparison of head and facial features among Kazaks, Uigurs and Mongols of Xinjiang

Ai Qionghua, Sai Fuding, Xu Yuhe; Abudu Aini   

  • Online:1996-03-15 Published:1996-03-15

Abstract: A survey on somatoscopy of head and facial features was carried out in Kazak, Uigur and Mongol ethnic groups, living in Yili of Xinjiang, Northwest China and totally 1611 adults (551 Kazaks, 527 Uigurs and 533 Mongols) were investigated in 1991.
The results had been compared among the three ethnic groups from each other. There are many similarities among Kazaks, Uigurs and Mongols. The common features in the three ethnic groups include the predominance of ovoid and ellipse facial forms, brown eyes, good fold of upper palpebra, ovoid and ellipse auricular forms, circular and quadrangular forms of earlops and straight and black hairs.
Kazaks are more similar to Mongols than to Uigurs.

Key words: Somatoscopy; Head and face; Kazaks; Uigurs; Mongols; Xinjiang