Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (02): 253-259.

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Polymorphisms of the Uygur People’s Ocular Features from Different Regions of Xinjiang

WANG Bin, YANG Shengmin   

  • Online:2015-06-15 Published:2015-06-15

Abstract: Uygur people from different parts of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region show various eye colors, the majority of which are dark brown appearing 90.45% of the time. Other kinds of light colored eyes (sky blue, gray, light green, light yellow) have appearance rates that average 9.55%. In general, the appearance frequency of light colored eyes gradually increases from east (Hami) to west (Kashgar). The eyebrows of Uygur people grow pretty well and have a relatively high rate of eyebrow connection. From east to west, Uygur people’s eyebrows gradually appear to be bushier and have higher frequency of connection. Among all Uygur peoples, upper eyelid folds have relatively high frequency that average to 62.07%, gradually decreasing from east to west, while inner canthal folds have a lower frequency with an average 48.63%, gradually falling from east to west. In conclusion, the ocular features of the Uygur people are characteristic of their national identity. All investigated indices of their eyes have values that are inbetween that of the northern Mongolian and Europeans. These ocular features shown by modern Uygur people coincide with their ethnic composition and evolutionary path of their ancestors.

Key words: Uygur; Eye color; Eyebrows; Upper eyelid fold; Inner canthal fold