Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (04): 628-643.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0018

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dental diseases of the Shang dynasty people of Daxinzhuang site in Jinan

SHEN Yafan1,2(), ZHAO Yongsheng3(), FANG Hui2, CHEN Xuexiang3   

  1. 1. Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 2778561 Chiba, Japan 2. The School of history and Culture, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 3. Institute of Cultural Heritage, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237
  • Received:2019-09-03 Revised:2019-12-23 Online:2021-08-15 Published:2021-08-17
  • Contact: ZHAO Yongsheng;


The Daxinzhuang site, located in the Daxinzhuang village of Licheng district of Jinan city. It’s known as the largest remains of Shang dynasty in Shandong, and the discovery of oracle bone scripts and other abundant remains which have a great significance to the study of Shang culture in Shandong province. This paper described the incidence of observable dental diseases in a sample of 45 individuals from 2003 and 2010 in the Daxinzhuang site of Shang Dynasty. Especially of the discuss of dental caries, periodontal disease, dental calculus and tooth wear. The results of statistical analysis indicate the following patterns: 1) There was no significant difference of dental diseases rates found between males and females but dental calculus, and females have higher rates of dental diseases than males as a whole. 2) There was a significant difference of the dental diseases rates in the age group, and the risk of dental diseases increases with age. 3) Dental caries, periodontal disease, and dental calculus were frequently found in molars; 4) Rate of dental diseases associated with tooth wear. Severely tooth wear has an increased risk of dental diseases, especially in periodontal disease; 5) The incidence of dental diseases is not only affected by gender, age, tooth position, and the degree of tooth wear, but also associated with the food structure of the agricultural economic development of the ancient inhabitants of Shang dynasty of Daxinzhuang site.

Key words: Daxinzhuang site, Dental caries, Periodontal disease, Dental calculus

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