Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (02): 226-237.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0023

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of dental caries in the Yangshao population at the Qingtai site, Zhengzhou city

YUAN Haibing1(), GU Wanfa2, WEI Qingli2, WU Qian2, DING Lanpo2, CAO Doudou1,3()   

  1. 1. Center for Archaeological Science, School of Archaeology and Museology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064
    2. Zhengzhou Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology, Zhengzhou 450052
    3. Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK
  • Received:2020-05-20 Revised:2021-01-26 Online:2022-04-15 Published:2022-04-13
  • Contact: CAO Doudou;


This paper focuses on the prevalence of dental caries in the Neolithic Yangshao population from the Qingtai site, Zhengzhou city, Henan Province. A total of 1913 teeth and 91 individuals were included in this study. The individual caries rate of Qingtai group is 71.43%, and the caries rate of teeth is 13.38% which rises to 17.03% after correction. Females had a higher caries rate than males, which may be attributed to the physiological changes during pregnancy, food preference and labor division between different sex groups. The caries rate of maxilla is higher than that of mandible; besides, molars and occlusal surfaces were more prone to dental caries than other teeth and locations. Compared with other Neolithic populations in China, Qingtai people presented a relatively higher caries rate. This phenomenon suggests that their diet may contain a large amount of carbohydrates, which can also be associated with the developed millet farming in this region during the Yangshao culture period. In addition, the regional differences of dental caries rate among the Neolithic agricultural populations in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River may be related to the complexity of the caries etiology and the differences of cultural features as well as lifestyles.

Key words: Qingtai site, Yangshao culture, Dental caries, Dietary, Millet farming

CLC Number: