Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (04): 514-522.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2023.0035

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An excavation report of the Locality 1 of Wangjiayan Paleolithic site, Chengdu

HUANG Ming1(), ZUO Zhiqiang1, LI Hao2(), GAO Yu2, SUN Xuefeng3, LI Guo4, XIAO Peiyuan5   

  1. 1. Chengdu Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Chengdu 610072
    2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Earth System, Resources and Environment, Beijing 100101
    3. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023
    4. Chengdu Shuangliu District Cultural Relics Protection Administration, Shuangliu 610200
    5. Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100044
  • Received:2023-03-26 Revised:2023-04-18 Online:2023-08-15 Published:2023-08-10


Locality 1 at the Wangjiayan site is located in the northern part of the Mumatai undulating terrace in Shuangliu District, Chengdu City. In total, 82 stone artifacts were excavated from the site including cores, flakes, chunks and tools. In addition, a large quantity of unmodified cobbles were also unearthed. Raw materials were mainly collected from adjacent river gravels and lower cobble lays of the Mumashan Formation. Quartzite is the predominant type of raw material, accompanied by a small proportion of vein quartz. Freehand percussion was exclusively used for core reduction, with single-platform cores prevalent, plus a few double-platform cores. Flakes show a remarkable variation of size with some possessing the potential to make heavy-duty tools (e.g., handaxes) as a cortical platform is common for most of the flakes. Damage is observed on flake margins, which may indicate direct use of unretouched flakes. Heavy-duty tools including two handaxes and a pick share similar technological features with tools in the Acheulean techno-complex. Preliminary OSL dating indicates that the occupation was no younger than 89 ka. The discovery and excavation of this Locality 1 further extends the history of humans’ activities in the Chengdu Plain, and sheds important light for our understanding of subsistence strategies and Paleolithic culture of early hominins in the region.

Key words: Chengdu, Wangjiayan site, Lithics, Handaxe

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