Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (01): 146-156.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2018.0015

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Stone artifacts collected from the Kengnan site in Xichuan, Henan Province

ZHAO Qingpo1,2,3(), SONG Guoding4(), MU Junhong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Cultural Heritage, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237
    2. Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Heritage and Archaeology, Zhengzhou 45000
    3. Henan Provincial International Joint Laboratory on Origins of Modern Humans in East Asia, Zhengzhou 45000
    4. Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2017-09-30 Revised:2018-01-30 Online:2021-02-15 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: SONG Guoding;


The Kengnan site is located in Danjiangkou Reservior which has been a key area of archaeological excavations and research on Paleolithic recent years. In 2016, Paleolithic investigation of periphery was conducted before excavation. 209 pieces of stone artifacts uncovered from investigation are analyzed in this paper. Types of stone artifacts range from cores, flakes, blades, chunks and tools. Flaking techniques have direct hard-hammer percussion and bipolar percussion. The majority of stone tools were made of flakes and only a few were made of chunks or pebbles. Most of the tools were modified on dorsal surfaces. Some were retouched on ventral surfaces or modified bifacially. According to analysis of this paper, the site is preliminarily predicted to be dated back to as early as middle Paleolithic. New discoveries are of profound significance on characteristics of transitional areas of South and North China during late Pleistocene.

Key words: Kengnan site, stone artifacts, Paleolithic

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