Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 904-916.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2020.0020

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A preliminary report on the survery and trial excavation of Xinxing Locality 1 in Wangqing, Jilin Province

XU Ting1,2,3,4(), FANG Qi5(), 6, SHI Yuxin7, YANG Guorong8, YAN Jiahai8   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044
    2. CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    4. City College of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310015
    5. Shool of Archaeology Jilin University, Changchun 130012
    6. Jilin Confucian Temple Museum, Jilin 132011
    7. Jilin Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Changchun 130033
    8. Wangqing County Cultural Relics Management Office, Wangqing 133210
  • Received:2020-02-06 Revised:2020-06-29 Online:2021-10-15 Published:2021-10-15
  • Contact: FANG Qi;


The Xinxing Locality 1 is located in the second terrace on the North Bank of Qianhe River, a tributary of Gaya River in Wangqing county, Jilin Province. According to the survey in 2018, the site was rechecked and trial excavated in 2019, with an area of 14 m2. 131 specimens, mainly stone products, were found in the collection and trial excavation, including cores, flakes, blades, micro-blades, scrapers, choppers, pointed tools, hand-axes and grinded stone tools. In addition, a small amount of clay chips tempered with sand were also found. The site contains two cultural relics: Paleolithic and Neolithic. The main technical features of Paleolithic relics are blade and micro-blade technology, and the main raw materials of artifacts are siliceous hornfel and obsidian. Based on the technical characteristics of the stone artifacts and the 14C dating results, the site is dated to around 15-16 kaBP. Neolithic cultural remains belong to the category of Jingu culture in Tumen River Basin.

Key words: Wangqing County, Blade, Micro-blade, Late Paleolithic to Early Neolithic

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