Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (01): 118-127.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2019.0020

• Excavation/Investigation Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A preliminary report on the excavation of the Xiaolongtoushan site, Hailin, Heilongjiang Province

LI Youqian()   

  1. Heilongjiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology,Haerbin, 150008
  • Received:2018-05-25 Revised:2018-09-20 Online:2021-02-15 Published:2021-02-25


The Xiaolongtoushan site (44°25'36.2" N, 129°10'43.1" E) is located on the right bank of the Hailang River in Hailin, Heilongjiang Province. It was discovered in 2012 and excavated in 2014. From the test pit covering an area of 10 m2, a total of 82 stone artifacts was discovered. Basalt dominates the lithic raw material, followed by obsidian, tuff, andesite and dacite, etc. The lithic debitage features blade technology and microblade technology. The tool types include burin, point, bifacial point and large-sized axe. A few specimens can be conjoined and the stone artifacts are not abraded and weathered, indicating that the site was buried in situ. AMS 14C dating method was applied and suggested an age of 13185±40 BP for the cultural layer of the site, corresponding to the warming phase after the Last Glacial Maximum.

Key words: Xiaolongtoushan, Hailang River, Upper Paleolithic, Blade, Microblade

CLC Number: