Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (02): 261-271.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2019.0045

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The physical characteristics and its changes of Jino in 35 years

BAO Jinping1(), ZHENG Lianbin2, YU Keli2(), JIA Yalan2   

  1. 1. Institute of Sports Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387
    2. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, Tianjin 300387
  • Received:2018-07-26 Revised:2019-06-16 Online:2021-04-15 Published:2021-04-13
  • Contact: YU Keli;


A physical survey was conducted in Jinuo Mountain Jino Townshipof Jinghong County of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan. The anthropometric traits of 600 adults (279 males and 321 females) were measured, and the Jino physical data measured in the same area 33 years ago were compared with the current physica data. The reasons for the changes of the physical characteristics in the past 35 years were analyzed. The research shows that the stature of Jino is short, the cheekbone is not prominent and the eyefold of the upper eyelid has a high percentage. Nearly 40% of the adults have Mongoloid fold. Most of the opening heights of eyeslits are middle with the external angle higher than the internal angle. Most nasal root height is middle size and with a straight nasal profile, and more straight hair. Jino males and females are brachycephaly, hypsicephalic type, metriocephalic type, euryprosopy, mesorrhiny, middle trunk, mesatiskelic type, broad chest circumference, broad shoulder breadth and medium distance between iliac crests. These characteristics show that the Jino have the physical characteristics of the South Asian type. In the past 35 years, the head length, head breadth, face breadth, bigonial breadth, physiognomic facial height, stature, sitting height, chest circumference, shoulder breadth and body weight of the Jino males and females have increased than the 1982 indices. The changes of the Jino physical characteristics have a certain relationship with the development of local productivity, the improvement of dietary structure and the intensity of physical labor.

Key words: Anthropometry, Head and face, Body characteristics, Jino

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