Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 834-846.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2020.0038

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A study of Weizang and Kham Tibetans’ somatotype by Heath-Carter method

BAO Jinping1(), YU Keli2, LI Yonglan3,4, LI Chong2, ZHANG Xinghua2, ZHENG Lianbin2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Sports Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387
    2. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Animal Diversity, Tianjin 300387
    3. College of Life Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, 010022
    4. College of Ethnology and Anthropology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, 010022
  • Received:2020-07-03 Revised:2020-07-30 Online:2021-10-15 Published:2020-09-30
  • Contact: ZHENG Lianbin;


The somatotypes of 400 Kham Tibetan adults in Diqing of Yunnan Province and 507 Weizang Tibetan adults in Linzhi of Tibet were studied by the Heath-Carter method. Both Weizang Tibetan males(5.0-6.2-1.1) and Kham Tibetan males(4.4-5.1-1.6) are endomorphic mesomorph. Both Weizang Tibetan females (5.7-6.1-0.8) and Kham Tibetan females(5.6-5.7-1.1) are endomorph mesomorph. In general, the Tibetans of Weizang and Kham have the same somatotype, and there are also differences. The Weizang and Kham Tibetans have low linearity, strong bones and muscles, and higher body fat. The Weizang Tibetans have more fat, stronger muscles and bones, and fuller body than Kham Tibetans. From the perspective of the Tibetan origin and the living environment, this article explores the similarities and differences of somatotypes between the Weizang and Kham Tibetans, and the reasons for the differences of somatotypes between ethnic groups living at high altitudes. The research results suggest that the Tibetans have the somatotype characteristics of Chinese northern ethnic groups. The somatotype characteristics of fleshy body fat, strong skeletal muscles and stout bodies of Tibetans are also adapted to the plateau environment.

Key words: Heath-Carter, Anthropometry, Tibetan, Weizang, Kham

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