Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (05): 848-861.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0059

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Body indexes of the Chinese population

LI Yonglan1,2,3(), ZHENG Lianbin4   

  1. 1. College of Life Sciences and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022
    2. College of Ethnologys and Anthropology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022
    3. Key Laboratory of Biodiversity conservation and Sustainable utilization for College and University of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,Hohhot 010022
    4. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, Tianjin 300387
  • Received:2021-02-03 Revised:2021-04-23 Online:2022-10-15 Published:2022-10-13


This paper is based on the statistical analysis of 12 indices of the human body of 63452 Chinese people aged from 18 to 97 years old, and the morphological characteristics of Chinese people at present were obtained. Studies have found that overall body type of Chinese people are generally long torso, mid-shoulder, mid-pelvic, and mid-leg type. Men have a mid-chest shape, and women have a wide-chested shape. As their age increase, the upper body of Chinese appears shorter, the ratio of upper body to lower body is smaller, the chest becomes wider, the lower part of torso appears wider, and the legs appear longer. Compared with the southern ethnic groups, the Mongolian and Turkic ethnic groups have a stronger body, a thicker chest, a taller upper body, shorter upper limbs, and a relatively narrower upper part of the torso (shoulder), and a wider lower part of torso (pelvis). The ratio of the length of the upper limbs to the length of the lower limbs is smaller. The study also found that compared with women of the same height, men’s upper limb length and lower limb length are generally smaller than women, and women have a greater sitting height value than men. Compared with the length of the torso, women do have shorter legs than men. Compared with Chinese men and women the same lower body length, the sitting height of women is larger than that of men. In the case of the same height, the sitting height of the Chinese is larger than that of the Eurasian and African races. That is, they have a higher upper body height.

Key words: Body index, China, Age, Ethnic groups, Anthropometry

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