Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (01): 30-41.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2019.0031

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A preliminary analysis of the stone artifacts from the 2014~2015 excavation of Shuidonggou Locality 2, Ningxia Autonomous Region

ZHANG Peiqi1,2,3, ZHANG Xiaoling1,2,*(), Sam LIN4, GUO Jialong5, WANG Huimin5, Nicolas ZWYNS3, PENG Fei6,*(), GAO Xing1,2,7   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044
    2.Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044
    3.Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, Davis 95616, USA
    4.School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    5.Institute of Archaeology of Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region, Yinchuan 750001
    6.Department of Archaeology and Museology, School of Ethnology and Sociology, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    7.The University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2017-02-21 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2020-07-17
  • Contact: ZHANG Xiaoling,PENG Fei;


The excavation of Shuidonggou Locality 2 in 2014~2015 was focused on uncovering an area (T3) north of the units (T1 & T2) excavated previously in 2003~2007. The area exposed in T3 was approximately 80 m 2 in surface area and about 8 m in depth. A total of six cultural layers (CLs) were identified from the stratigraphic sequence; all of the layers correspond to those in T1 and T2, except for CL4 which is present in the previously excavated units but absent in T3. This paper reports on the analysis of 2723 lithic artifacts unearthed from the renewed excavation at T3. By analyzing the lithic raw material and the technology/typology of the stone artifacts among the cultural layers, we characterize diachronic shifts in lithic production strategy at SDG2. Results of this study provide additional evidence for understanding the behavior and adaptation of past human groups at Shuidonggou Locality 2.

Key words: Shuidonggou Locality 2, Upper Paleolithic, stone artifacts, simple flake technology

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