Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (02): 295-307.doi: 10.16359/j.1000-3193/AAS.2021.0035

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis on the economic mode of the ancestors of Dayindong cave site in Yunnan province by stable isotope

ZHAO Dongyue1(), LÜ Zheng1, ZHANG Zetao4, LIU Bo3, LING Xue1, WAN Yang2, YANG Fan2()   

  1. 1. School of Cultural Heritage,Northwest University, Key Laboratory of Cultural Heritage Research and Conservation, Ministry of Education, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069
    2. Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Kunming 650118
    3. Cultural Relics Management Institute of Wenshan Prefecture, Wenshan, 663000
    4. Cultural Relics Management Institute of Guangnan County, Guangnan, 663300
  • Received:2020-07-01 Revised:2021-01-20 Online:2022-04-15 Published:2022-04-13
  • Contact: YANG Fan;


The origin and dissemination of agriculture is an important innovation in the development of human society. This paper performed carbon and nitrogen stable isotopic analysis on human bones unearthed from the Dayindong cave site in Guangnan county, Wenshan prefecture, Yunnan Province, and explores the diet structure and the subsistence economy of ancient ancestors in Southeast Yunnan from the Neolithic Age to the Bronze Age. The results showed that the δ 13C values of the residents at Dayindong Site ranged from -20.2‰ to -17.5‰, mainly C3 plants, and the δ15N values ranged from 9.2‰ to 10.7‰, and their trophic levels were high. There are differences in diet between the sexes, men consume more animal protein than women. In terms of the subsistence strategy, the residents of Dayindong cave site mainly engaged in rice agriculture and hunting, and made diversified use of animal resources, possibly supplement food sources through collection, fishing and hunting, and livestock breeding. On this basis, considering that Yunnan is an important channel for the spread of agriculture to the Indo-China Peninsula, the selection of the Neolithic-Bronze Age production strategy in Yunnan was further sorted out. The populations in different areas of the Neolithic Age in Yunnan had different agriculture management strategies. In the Bronze Age, with the introduction of wheat, the selection of agricultural economy became more diversified, and the technology for obtaining animal resources became more mature and diverse. In addition to being affected by natural conditions, different agricultural strategy choices are also the result of cultural interaction with neighboring regions.

Key words: Dayindong cave site, Bones, Stable isotopes, Dietary structure, Subsistence economy

CLC Number: