Acta Anthropologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 776-786.doi: 10.16359/j.cnki.cn11-1963/q.2020.0031

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A study of maxillary sinusitis infections of the Han dynasty people from the Heishuiguo site

XIONG Jianxue1(), CHEN Guoke2, YIN Xing1, MENG Hailiang1, YANG Yishi2, TAO Yichen1, TAN Jingze1, LI Hui1, WEN Shaoqing3()   

  1. 1. MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
    2. Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology In Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000
    3. Institute of Archaeological Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2019-10-26 Revised:2020-06-08 Online:2021-10-15 Published:2021-10-15
  • Contact: WEN Shaoqing;


Maxillary sinus is the largest bone cavity around the nasal cavity. Because of its special location and structure, maxillary sinus is more likely to be infected and induce inflammatory response than frontal sinus, ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus. Therefore, maxillary sinusitis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases in modern humans. We found that, in Heishuiguo population, 40.5% of the examined maxillae show the morphologic change, mainly being spicules type. Maxillary sinusitis seems to affect more women than men in Heishuiguo population, but there are no statistically significant differences between male and female samples. The prevalence of the left side is slightly higher than that of the right side in male samples, conversely for female samples. Moreover we found that between the juveniles to middle age maxillary sinusitis increases with age, but there is no significant difference via the binary logistic regression test. Among the maxillary sinusitis individuals, 66.7% of them have periodontal disease, and over half have caries. In Heishuiguo population maxillary sinusitis seems to interlock with dental disease. The high rate of maxillary sinusitis found in Heishuiguo site may be caused by many factors, such as cold and dry climate, air pollution, tooth diseases and pathogenic microorganisms.

Key words: Heishuiguo, Han Dynasty tombs, Maxillary sinusitis, Age, Tooth disease

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